Dandruff is a common skin problem, being a source of discomfort for men and women. Statistics show that over 70% of men face at some point in this condition, and 10-20% of people aged between 18 and 40 of the film is a constant problem.
Dandruff is a form of skin problem, resulting in the elimination of layers of the epidermis. Depending on where you face dermatitis, dandruff is in small dry flakes (no scalp irritation or redness) or scales heavier and more dense (the scalp is dotted with red spots).
Fungus Malassezia furfur, the leading cause of dandruff
“The cause is the fungus Malassezia furfur, which feeds on the sebum by the sebaceous glands. The fungus normally found on the skin of a person involved in the development of this disease. For those affected by the settlement are higher than normal skin.
Other causes of dandruff is excessive secretion of the sebaceous glands (oily scalp) and genetic inheritance. As hormonal disturbances, strict diet or metabolic factors that favor the occurrence of dandruff, according to the specialist. In winter, the disease may become more severe because the dry air and low temperatures. The skin becomes dry, itchy scalp causing flaking.
There are two types of films:
* Dandruff dry. In this case, the acceleration is due to dandruff, the scalp skin cell renewal, which is pushed toward the surface. In this case, the scales are observed in the hair and clothes;
* Dandruff fat. The cause is excess sebum and oily hair often appear. It ‘easy to recognize because it is yellow and is glued to the scalp.
The severity of dandruff can be exacerbated by factors such as excessive sweating, stress, cold, excessive use of hair sprays and gels, improper use of hair coloring products or using electric curling hair, hats and scarves, or inadequate rinsing.
Dandruff is a chronic disease with acute and relapse phases of improvement. But there are treatments that can monitor and control dandruff. Treatment consists of anti-dandruff shampoo that can be an active ingredient: zinc – pyrithione, selenium sulfide or ketoconazole.
We recommend washing this product is done twice, and the second wash, shampoo will work for about 5 minutes and rinse thoroughly. When the anti-dandruff shampoos do not produce results, to be replaced by another, it is better to have a different active ingredient than the last.
If after several weeks of treatment of dandruff persists, go to a dermatologist who can prescribe the right treatment and you can find the problem.